SKELTON - IN - CLEVELAND
IN HISTORY

1936 ~ 1937

1936

George VI - Crown
1 Crown = 5 Shillings
= 60 old pence = 25 new pence


Stanley Baldwin.
PM 1923-4, 1924-29
1935-37

20th January.
DEATH OF GEORGE V -, abdication of Edward VIII and accession of George VI.

7th March.
GERMANY INVADES THE RHINELAND.
Germany had been re-arming for some time and now moved into the Rhineland, an area denied them by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles.
European powers responded with a fatal policy of "wait and see".

22nd April.
SOUR GRAPES ON SKELTON COUNCIL.
Mr J Morgan's Election Defeat at Skelton.
To the Editor, Northern Echo.
Sir,
I feel duty bound to reply toa note in today's Northern Echo on the election defeat of Mr J Morgan.
It is for the benefit of those people who do not know e and may be misled by the statements; my very many acquaintances know that I am above such petty, mean tricks as to use against an opponent business discussed in committee.
The only bit of news that was given out of committee at the meeting referred to was given by Mr Morgan himself, who was present from the beginning to the end.
I do not think this courtesy. Or was it a compliment ?
I challenge him to state anything that was said by me that was not true and if he can prove his assertions, I shall willingly forfeit my seat on the Council.
Is a trained mind possessed only by schoolmasters ?
Yours,
Fred Hatfield, 77 High St, Skelton, Yorkshire.

To the Editor, Northern Echo.
Sir,
I do not think the allegation mentioned in today's Northern Echo in connection with Mr J Morgan's defeat at the recent election is quite fair to other members of Skelton and Brotton Urban Council and to electors of Skelton in general.
Mr Morgan has by no means the monopoly of righteousness.
After his defeat at the poll Mr Morgan turned up to preside at the annual meeting and stated in full Council and in the presence of the Press that one of the candidates had not paid his rates.
The candidate referred to was present and this information cold have been properly obtained only from the Finance Committee and would appear to be information obtained in confidence.
He said other personal things and afterwards refused to let another Councillor speak.
His defeat was not a shock to the people of Skelton.
Yours.
FAIRPLAY, Skelton, Yorkshire.


Skelton from Flowston end of the The Hills, a Postcard published by J. W. Neal of Skelton in Cleveland.
The last house on the Left on the photograph is 'Wyngrove'.
The last house in 2018 is 'Lynwood', which, the present occupant, Dr Mary Bell, informs me, was built in 1938 by Mr Reg Hewling, who lived in 'Wyngrove'.
The photograph was possibly taken some years before this.
The house at the top of the bank that now stands in place of the shrubbery on the Right of the photograph was occupied in 1948 by Mr Bosomworth [Buzzy], who retired from teaching at Skelton Green Junior School in that year.
I passed it each day walking from the top end of the High St to the aforesaid school, Mona Saunder's Reformatory for wayward Skelton youth, complete with stick and thick ears for the unruly.
'Buzzy' had a magnificent rockery, while we had just a back yard, with a coal house and a 'lav' that was a wooden board with a hole in it, over a smelly tin bin - I wanted a nice garden ever since.

22nd August.
TELEVISION STARTS.
BBC Television begin broadcasts with sound from Alexandra Palace.

2nd October.
SKELTON WATER NOT SAFE.
At the meeting of the Skelton and Brotton UDC the Medical Officer, Dr C R Gibson, reported that he had taken samples of water in various parts of the District and had them analysed.
As none of the results were satisfactory, he had written to the Cleveland Water Company drawing attention to the doubtful quality of the supply.
The Secretary of the Company had promised to have samples taken. The Council decided to complain to the Company and instruced Dr Gibson to take further samples himself.

2nd October.
HOLLYBUSH HOUSING ESTATE TO START.
It was announced that on condition slight alterations were made in the plans, the Ministry of Healt authorised the inviting of tenders for the 58 dwellings, which comprised the Council's housing scheme in Station Lane, Skelton.

October.
SKELTON WILL NOT SUPPORT THE JARROW MARCH.
Skelton and Brotton UDC at a meeting in the Skelton Institute last night, decided not to make a contribution towards the expenses of the March from Jarrow to London, which Jarrow Town Council is organising.
The Council had before them a letter from Jarrow asking for a donation.
Coun H C R Morris, moving that no donation should be made, said that the Government was doing it utmost for the distressed areas.
"The result of this March will be absolutely nil", he said.
"I do not think we will be doing them or the country any good by helping them with a donation."
Coun E Potter seconded.

27th October.
NO WORKS PENSIONS FOR COUNCIL WORKERS.
By 8 votes to 6 Skelton and Brotton UDC at a special meeting last night rejected a superannuation scheme for Council officials and workmen.
It was stated that the total cost of the proposed scheme would be 530 per annum, including 387 from the rate fund equal to a 2 and halfpence rate.
Coun E Potter moved that the scheme should be adopted, but considered that everyone shoudl be included in it.
If it was good for one person, it was good for another.

"I have always maintained that one of the worst things that applies to our working people is fear of old age", he said.
"If we can do anything to remove that fear we should do it.".
Councillor J Morgan seconded.
Coun Fred Hatfield said that although he was a great believer in superannuation and pensions, he thought that all should have something to look forward to in their old age.
He did not favour a scheme, which would only benefit a few.
Coun J Wilks said if the plan would result in similar schemes he would give his support.
Coun M Kirkbright did not support this particular scheme. He believed in the principle and wished to see Miners and Industrial workers benefit, but he was considering the ratepayers.
He referred to future expenses, which would have to be faced in Housing and the possible provision of a Council Chamber and Offices.
Coun T Coatsworth did not see the advantage of bringing such a project forward when there was a prospect of a Government scheme.
To expect some people with incomes in the of 35 shillings to pay 2 and a halfpence rate at the present time was a 'disgrace'.

31st October.
JARROW MARCH.
Jarrow protest March to London highlights the plight of workers in the North.

Sir Frank Whittle invented the jet engine and helicopter invented by H Focke.

1937

William D Bunning, Skelton's Gamekeeper.
On the left, facing the camera.
[Photograph kindly contributed by William's grand-daughter, Barbara Shaw.]

27th May.
NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN became Prime Minister.

April - The Government instituted the Air Raid Wardens service. During the next year close on a quarter of a million men volunteered nationwide.

The Councillors for Old Skelton were H C R Morris, R Young, Herbert Clough, Fred Hatfield.
For North Skelton Richard Morgan and George Oxborough.

The following persons and occupations were listed for Skelton.
Old Skelton.
The Castle - Col William Henry Anthony Wharton
Gamekeeper - William Bunning
Rectory - Rev Robert Warner Wheatley
9 North Tce - Emma Dunn, Fried Fish
14 North Tce - Joseph Mitchinson. Grocer, draper and milliner.
National Provincial Bank - Robert Wild, Manager.
Ye Olde Royal George - George Brown, Landlord.

Mr Clifford Morris.

Red House - H Clifford R Morris.

He was "Rubberneck" to we peasant, trespassing yobbos of Skelton.
But he was the Agent to the Skelton Castle and Gilling West Estates for an amazing 61 years service, 35 years as Agent.
He was also a long time public servant in Skelton and the East Cleveland area. On his retirement [date not known] he said,
"I know every gate and every field." of the Estates.
He had served for 32 years on the Skelton and Brotton Urban District Councils, during which time he had been Chairman 4 times.
He was also Chairman of the North Riding and Middlesbrough Joint Local Valuation Panel, since its inception in 1949.
Chairman fo the Skelton Men's branch of the Cleveland Conservative Association and a member of the Cleveland Show Council.
He was succeeded as the Castle Agent by Mr W J Bulmer.
Both men have many other references in this website.

York House, South Terrace, Skelton, Doctor's Surgery.
District Nurse - Miss Winters.
17 South Tce - John Morgan, Dairyman.
York House - Dr William Stevenson. Surgery and N Riding CC Tuberculosis Dispensary.
Cleveland House - Mrs Dickinson.
Conservative Club, Green Rd - Joseph Mitchinson, Sec.
[Yorkshire Penny Bank agent]
Back Lane - Herbert Bonas, Dairyman.
Quarry House - Edward Flatter, General Dealer.
3 High St - Florence Georgeson, Shopkeeper.
7 High St - William Thubron, Wine and Spirits.
11 and 13 High St - Robert John Hall, Outfitter and Milliner.
15 High St - Henry Pattinson, Saddler.
21 High St - Mary Baker, Grocer.
21 High St - Robert Barker, Motor Engineer.
Council Offices - Frederick Wilkinson, Clerk and Accountant.
Richard Barry, Sanitary Inspector.
Arthur Rowley Cranmer, Surveyor.
Reginald Hewling, Electrical Engineer.

Skelton High St. Second on the Left, No 41 David William Appleton, Joiner.
On the Right, United Bus outside the Institute and next down wooden Bus Garage.


Early model truck outside Skelton Cooperative.
Fire Station -
Hill House - John George Barry, Farm Bailiff.
41 High St - David William Appleton, Joiner.
49 High St - K Ridsdale and Son, Builder.
67 High St - Frederick Bell, Church Organist and Music Teacher.
69 High St - John W McLane, Blacksmith.
72 High St - Walter Wright Kingston, Chemist and Post Office.
73 High St - George Robert Garratt, Shopkeeper.
74A High St - Ernest Simons, Hairdresser.
74 High St - Council Electricity Department, Reginald Hewling.
Co-operative Society - Henry Rudsdale. Secretary.
H Penrose, Manager.
75 High St - Arthur Fabre, Draper.
77 High St - Fred Hatfield, Boot dealer.
Skelton Literary Institute - George Dack, Secretary.
Relieving Officer 9, Percy Balls.
Relieving Officer 8, Henry Garland.
79 High St - William Mawson, Newsagent.

Skelton Cross Green.
Postcard produced by William Mawson, Newsagent of 79 High St, Skelton.
The business was carried on after the War by his daughter, who married Roland Whittaker.


Skelton High St to the West.


United Bus, 1936 model.

United Bus Fares - 1938.
Return fare Skelton to Middlesbrough
= "One an' a tanner"
= One shilling and sixpence
= 18 old pence
= 7 and one half new pence.

Cleveland Guardians Committee.
94 High St - Leonard George Buckingham, Insurance agent.
97 High St - Maud Ridgard, Tinsmith.
101 High St - F W Boothroyd, Registrar of Births and Deaths.
Attends Mon, Wed and Fri 4 to 5.30.
105 High St - John George Harrison, Tailor.
109 High St - Mrs G Boocock, Confectioner.
111 High St - Nelly Harris, Ladies Hairdresser.
112 High St - Jean Scott, District Nurse.
115 High St - E O Blyth, Draper.
117 High St - William Carter. Dentist.
121 High St - Samuel Waller, Plumber.
131 High St - Albert Sleeman, Boot repairer.
British Legion Club - George Thompson, Secretary.


Typical pre-War day out for Skelton children on Saltburn beach, involving 4 mile walk with picnic.
Note Saltburn pier then supported by wooden beams.

[Photograph kindly contributed by Alan Ward, furthest child on the right, accompanied by his sister, aunts and cousins.]




A POSTCARD SENT FROM MARGARET WINSOME WHARTON TO MRS HAMILTON OF RIGWOOD.


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