SKELTON - IN - CLEVELAND
IN HISTORY

1914


3rd January - SMALLPOX VERSUS PHTHISIS.
The Skelton and Brotton District Council considered a proposal to utilise the little Smallpox Hospital between New Marske and Upleatham for cases of Phthisis [a wasting of the body or consumptive condition, especially pulmonary tuberculosis] among non-insured persons.
It was decided against the idea with views being expressed that it was a County responsibility and such a small institution could not cope in a thickly populated district.

13th January - BEGGING.
A young man named Thomas Coup was before the Guisborough Bench on this day on a charge of Begging at Skelton. His story of looking for work was accepted and he was discharged with advice to leave the District and a warning against Begging.

23rd January - A TRAMP JAILED.
At a special Court at Guisborough Ernest Dunckley, a tramp, was given 14 days on a charge of Begging at Skelton on the previous day. PC Lawson proved the case. It was stated defendant was previously convicted and was wanted by the Police in Hertfordshire.

27th January - CRACK SHOTS GET WHIPPED.
Many complaints have recently been made to the Police in East Cleveland regarding the practice of boys throwing stones at Telegraph Insulators. Two North Skelton schoolboys, named Baden Crowe and Ralph Beadle, were today before the Guisborough justices for this offence.
PC Mackenzie, proving the case, said that Crow broke one Insulator and other boy was throwing stones but did not do any injury that witness saw.
A representative of the Post Office stated that during the past 3 months with a radius of a mile 50 Insulators had been broken on the road between Old Saltburn and Skelton, interfering with the working of the line.
The Chairman of the Bench, Mr W H A Wharton, pointed out to Crowe, who was the only boy to appear, the seriousness of the offence and in fining him 10 shillings expressed the hope that the father would give him a whipping. Beadle was ordered to pay 12s 6d.


29th January - FURNITURE FOR DRILL HALL.
Colonel W H A Wharton of Skelton Castle occupied the Chair at today's meeting of the North Riding Territiorial Association at Northallerton. £50 was voted for the furnishing of the New Drill Hall at Skelton.

HORSE AMBULANCE - An 'up to date horse ambulance' was obtained for conveying injured miners to the Skelton Green and Brotton hospitals.
When mines first opened a handcart was used.

1st February - "SKELTON CASTLE ON FIRE"
This was the cry which startled many people in the Skelton and Guisborough district yesterday afternoon. Although at one time flames did threaten the destruction of a considerable portion of the beautiful home of Mr and Mrs Wharton the results, sufficiently serious as they were, seeing that the damage must run into several hundereds of pounds, were not so alarming as they might easily have proved.
That it is so was principally due to the splendid way in which everybody worked from the owner of the residence down to the humblest helper, who willingly gave his services and to the fact that there was a very plentiful supply of water, as well as up-to-date fire extinguishing appliances close at hand.
The outbreak originated in the upper portion of the servants quarters and when it was discovered the fire had a good hold, but the alarm was quickly responded to both by the household staff, who acted with a coolness and a presence of mind which counted for much in the successful fight with the flames and by the outdoor employees of The Squire, whilst the Skelton Fire Brigade,


Skelton Castle at this time.


ably led by Captain McKenzie, were early on the scene and rendered most useful serfvice in preventing the spread of the fire to the principal portion of residence.
Two rooms suffered considerable damage and several others much affected by the water, but everybody was satisfied that an outbreak was limited in the way it was.

2nd February - HOPE TO PROSPER BAND.
The valuable services rendered by Mr W Walker J.P. as honorary Secretary of the North Skelton Hope to Prosper Band, were recognised on Saturday evening by the presentation of a roll top desk at an enjoyable gathering of members and friends presided over by Mr W H A Wharton.
Mr and Mrs Herbert Samuel, MP, forwarded greetings to the recipients and expressed good wishes for the future of the Band.
A gold brooch was handed to Mrs Walker by Mrs Wharton. Mr Wharton was re-elected President, Rev H E Hubbard, chairman, Mr W Walker, hon.secretary, Mr G W Oxbro, treasurer and Mr Evans, Caretaker and librarian.

3rd February - DID HE SLIP OR WAS HE PUSHED ?
"Accidental Death" was the verdict returned at an inquest held last evening at North Skelton by Mr W Richardson on the body of Thomas Morgan, a Bricklayer, aged 57, of Richard Street, who died as the result of falling downstairs on Saturday morning.
The evidence of the daughter Edith Morgan was to the effect that during the night she heard a bump and her Mother, who was sleeping with her, told her to get up, as her Father had tumbled out of bed.
She got a light and discovered her Father lying at the bottom of the stairs. He was alive, but died before a doctor arrived.
He was in the habit of getting out of bed and going downstairs for a drink during


the night. He had no light. Deceased slept alone in a bedroom at the top of the stairs.
Dr Thorney, who was called in about 5 o'clock, said that death had taken place an hour previously. There was evidence of a fracture of the base of the skull. Deceased had probably missed his step at the top of the stairs and had fallen down head first.

7th February - CONTAGIOUS DISEASES.
At the Skelton and Brotton Council meeting Dr W W Stainthorpe, the Medical Officer reported that during the past 5 weeks there were 14 cases of Scarlet Fever, 2 of Diphtheria [bacterial infection of the nose and throat], 2 of Erysipelas [acute bacterial infection of the Skin], and one each of Poliomyelitis and Tubercolosis.
There were 42 births and 22 deaths giving rates of 31.5 and 16.5 per 1,000 of the population.

10th February - THREATENING BEGGAR.
A man unknown to the District, named Edward Robinson, was observed by a police constable to go from door to door at Skelton begging. When apprehended he admitted the offence. 2 Constables had to bring the man to the Guisborough Police Court from Skelton today on account of his threatening language and attitude to the Constable, who set out to bring him alone. Supt Rose said there was no excuse for such an able-bodied man begging. A fine of 10 shillings, including costs, or 7 days was imposed.

14th February - HELPING THE ORPHANS.
According to the Annual report of Mr W Stephens, the hon. Treasurer of the Cleveland Farthing League in support of Dr Barnardo's Homes, the sum of £304 10s was sent to HQ during 1913.


The sum was subscribed from different Mines and Works and included Stanghow £15 13s 5d, North Skelton and Longacres £33 15s, South Skelton £21 8s 2d.

20th February - FOOTBALL, THE SALTBURN CUP.
The draw for the second round is:- Skelton United or Lingdale Institute v North Skelton.
Brotton v Warrenby.
Belmont or Loftus v Skinningrove Victoria.
Charltons Rovers v Guisborough Celtic.

24th February - THE NATIONAL RESERVE.
A detachment of the National Reserve has existed at Brotton for some time past and has a strength of about 50. Some difficulty was experienced in getting a Commandant, but this has now been overcome, as yielding to several invitations Major F Hamilton of Rigwood, Skelton has agreed to accept the position. Major Hamilton, who is one of the most popular residents of East Cleveland was associated with the Skelton Volunteers for a period of 25 years and is always a welcome figure at gatherings of the Territorial Corps which is drawn from the Skelton, Brotton and Loftus districts.

25th February - GET YOUR DIVI.
The sales of the Skelton Co-op Society for the past 6 months amounted to £21,144 2s 6d compared with £18,993 9s 2d in the previous half year. The disposable balance was £2,685 7s out of which an interim dividend of £1,243 17s 4d was paid in October. A further dividend of 2s 10d in the pound on General purchases and 1s 8d on Butchering is proposed.

2nd March - NORTH SKELTON FANCY BALL.
About £3 was raised for the Aged People's Gift Fund by a successful fancy dress ball in the North Skelton Institute. The music was by Mr W Young's Band and the eatable for the supper were given by residents of the village.

5th March - NORTH SKELTON FOOTBALLER'S RED CARD.
At the Cleveland Committee of the North Riding FA the draw for the semi-finals of the NR Amateur Cup was made:-
Brotton v W Hartlepool and Grangetown St Marys v Darlington E G.


A protest lodged by Lingdale Institute against the result of the NR Junior Cup tie with South Bank on account of the latter's failure to take gate money was upheld.
For kicking opponents H S Carver of North Skelton Swifts and R Skelton of Warrenby were suspended for a fortnight.

7th March - VOTES FOR WOMEN.
The Skelton and Brotton Urban Council at their meeting last night were asked by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies to adopt a resolution urging the Government to introduce a measure for the enfranchisement of women and without any discussion it was unanimously resolved to accede to the request and a motion was accordingly adopted.

7th March - FROM NORTH TO NEW.
At the Council meeting on the motion of Mr Ranson it was decided that the work of making the footpath by the side of the main road from North Skelton to New Skelton be proceeded with. Also resolved to ask for sub-post offices at New Skelton and in the high part of Brotton.

12th March - INJURED MINER DIED OF NATURAL CAUSES.
A verdict of death due to natural causes was returned on the body of George Winspear, a miner aged 65 of Richard St, North Skelton.
He worked at Longacre Ironstone Mine and met with an injury there 5 weeks ago. His said that prior to the injury he enjoyed good health and remarked that but for the accident he would be at work.
William Tinkler who worked with Winspear explained that a hole had been fired and a piece of stone came away unexpectedly causing deceased to fall on loose stone. He could little with his arm but stayed in the mine until the close of the Shift.

12th March - HIGHLY IRATE OVER HIGH RATES.
Skelton Ratepayer writes to Gazette - "I saw in your issue yesterday that they propose making a footpath from North Skelton to New Skelton. Surely they must have taken leave of their senses. I have never heard of such a procedure - footpathing high roads. I could have understood it if there had been houses all the way down and if such is done why not a footpath say to Saltburn, or from Boosbeck Rd to Boosbeck, and further still, from Boosbeck to Charltons-terrace. I would like to suggest that they who propose such footpaths pay for them and not the ratepayers. The rates are very nearly double what they were and are still going up. I do not wonder at it."
[Just as well he did not experience the modern Socialist Councils.]


Famous Menagerie coming once more to Skelton.
The owner was fined 2 Pounds in 1891 for blocking the Skelton roads.



14th March - A MENAGERIE WEEK.
[As it turned out, it was an "imaginary" visit to Skelton.]
Bostock and Wombwell's Menagerie is to visit the District next week. The show belongs to every town and village in the country.
The numerous carriages will contain amongst other unique specimens of forest and jungle habituees, the finest and the largest lions of all ages from 4 weeks upwards, tigers, leopards, bears, hyenas, wolves, jaguars, wangon load of monkeys and aviaries of foreign birds etc
All should see the latest additions - "Tiny", the baby elephant, smallest in captivity, 35 inches high, weighs 9st, a wonderful pocket edition of an elephant.
See it while you have the chance. A pair of Tasmanian devils, baby lion, baby leopards, Assyrian ibex and man-eating tigers.
In conjunction with the hundreds fo rare and valuable exhibits there are the performances with the ferocious animals which take place in the new steel arena, where they perform, a novelty in Britain.
Skelton, Tuesday, March 24th.


17th March - BITING DOG TRIES TO PREVENT AN ARREST.
George Lennard, a miner of Charlton's Cottages, was this afternoon fined £1 and costs for obstructing PC Bainbridge in the execution of his duty and a furth 10 shillings for damaging his uniform.
The Constable testified that about 9.30 p.m. on March 7th he was struggling with another prisoner, when the defendant got hold of him by the coat and said, "Let him go, he is a pal of mine."
As a result his jacket was torn. Further on the road to Skelton defendant again interfered and his object appeared to be the release of the other man. Witness was in difficulties at the time as a dog was trying to bit him on the leg. The animal was not the property of Lennard.
Defendant pleaded that he only asked the Constable to let the man go and he would see him home all right. He would be the first to help any Constable in trouble. The clothes had been torn by the dog.

17th March - MENAGERIE DISAPPOINTMENT -
SKELTON TOO HILLY FOR MASSIVE WAGONS HAULED BY STEAMROLLER.
Owing to the fact that Bostock and Wombell's menagerie is far larger and heavier than on previous occasions and owing to the hilly nature of the roads, it is impossible for the show to visit Skelton Green and Brotton as formerly advertised.
An exhibition will be held at Saltburn, Hazelgrove Field on Tuesday.

18th March - THE ARMY AND WHAT IT OFFERS.
This is the title of an interesting lecture given in the Drill Hall, Skelton to a largely attended meeting by Captain Eykyn of the Royal Scots and the Adjutant of the local 4th Yorks Territorials.
The gathering was presided over by Major E Hamilton, J.P. a former Commander of the Skelton Volunteers, supported by Colonel Wharton, the Chairman of the North Riding Territorial Association and Lieutenant I'Anson, who now commands the Skelton Company.
Captain Eykyn pointed out that it was well known that prejudice existed against Soldiers from the social point of view, founded on the condition of affairs which obtained many years ago.
His theme was to remove these erroneous ideas and show that the British Army was composed of respectable young men who were bound to produce a certificate of good character on joining. He appealed to relatives not to dissuade their young men from joining.
NCOs of the Scots Greys, Scots Guards, Cameron Highlanders, Northumberland Fusiliers, Hussars and they Yorkshire Regiment were present in full uniform.
[Both Captain Eykyn and Lieut I'Anson were killed in action on the 24th April 1915 along with other Officers and many men of the 4th Yorks Battalion, 6 days after their arrival abroad, when the Soldiers of the Northumbrian Division famously prevented a German breakthrough at Ypres after the first use of Chlorine Gas by the Germans broke the Allied line.]

18th March - INFANT MORTALITY.
The Medical Officer for Cleveland, Dr Stainthorpe issued the local authorities with statistics showing that the birth rate for the area was double the death rate. Over 2 deaths in every 1000 was due to Tuberculosis and other infection diseases.
In the Skelton and Brotton area, on average, 1 out every 8 children died in infancy.
Skelton and Brotton had 32 cases of Tuberculosis during the past year and other infection diseases were still rife.

The Doctor emphasised the value and necessity of individual action in addition to the efforts of the authorities and stated that in many houses the most elementary laws of health are unfulfilled, domestic and personal cleanliness being neglected, ventilation of bedrooms more honoured in the breach than in the observance, sunlight excluded by drawn blinds etc.

18th March - MINERS' FOOTBALL. LANGBAURGH EAST POLICE CUP.
Third round draw - Kilton Mine v Upleatham Mine.
Cleveland Steelworks [Guisborough] v Longacre Mine Skelton.
Lingdale v South Skelton or Skinningrove.
Skelton Park Pit or Lumpsey v Duck Hole or Grinkle.

18th March - LOCAL HISTORY FROM THE ARCHBISHOP OF YORK.
The Archbishop, Dr Cosmo Lang, addressed a crowded audience in the Brotton Parish Church last night and gave some interesting facts about the Parish in 1743.
At that time Brotton was a chapel-of-ease within the Parish of Skelton. It had a chapel which was the only place of worship in the village. The Parish contained 90 families and there was no school in the place.
Services for public worship were held alternate Sundays at Skelton and Brotton, with the Clergyman living in the Parsonage at Skelton.


20th March - BECKHAMS TURN OUT FOR NORTH SKELTON SWIFTS.
Cleveland League. North Skelton Swifts. Goal- Burdett; Backs - Webster and Kirk. Half-Backs - F Beckham, W Beckham and Bailey. Forwards - B Harrison, R Harrison, Vaughan, Beadle and Carver.

20th March - SUDDEN DEATH OF COMMANDANT SKELTON TERRITORIALS.
Major H E French of the Homestead, Saltburn died from an acute attack of appendicitis leaving a widow and young family. From 1909 to 1913 he had been the Commandant of the Skelton G Company, 4th Battalion, Yorkshire Regiment.

27th March - SWITCH ON TO ELECTRIC LIGHTING.
A Local Board of Inquiry met at North Skelton Institute to consider the Council's application to borrow £9,250 to defray the cost of installing the electric light in the district.
There had been meetings throughout the area and a practically unanimous vote in favour of electric lighting, but Mr C T Trevor, solicitor and Mr R W Stevenson attended to object on behalf of some ratepayers of Brotton and Skelton.
It was the Councils intention to repay the money over a period of years or the whole expenditure could be met by an extra rate of 1s 8d in the £ for one year.
The rate last year was 2 shillings in the £ because important Sewage work had to be paid for, but prior to that it had been no more than one shilling. The Council preferred the loan idea so that people who used the lights in the future would pay rather than the ratepayers of the present time.
Mr Trevor said that he preferred electrict lighting to gas, but Mr Stevenson said many prominent property owners were satisfied with gas and were against the proposals.
Mr May, electrical engineer from London, said it was intended to have steel instead of wooden poles in the village. There was an amazing quantity of electricity used for lighting in both North Skelton and Carlin How. Charges would be three and a half pence per unit and £2 5s per village lamp and there would be a surplus profit of £31.
He suggested certain costs should be met immediately by the rates and £8,500 borrowed over 20 years. Mr D W Dixon, Chairman of the Council agreed.

2nd April -. NEW SKELTON RANTERS.
With the object of raising money for a new Sunday School the New Skelton Primitive


Methodists held a Concert last night. Accompanied by Miss E Kirk the following delighted a crowded audience - Miss Hicks of Skinningrove, Mrs Johnston of Stockton and Mr Godsmark of Skelton.

2nd April - DUFFY, THE TRAMP.
Ed Duffy was today at Guisborough committed for seven days jail for acting as a Pedlar without a license at Skelton yesterday.

4th April - INFECTIONS RIFE.
At the Council meeting Dr Stainthorpe reported for the month 16 cases of Scarlet Fever, 6 of Diphtheria, 5 of Erysipelas and 2 of Tuberculosis.
A rate of 1s 8d in the £ was passed on an assessable value of £108,889. Expenditure for the year was £12.980, including £2,000 for sewage works, £1,417 for repairing main roads, £2,500 for district roads, £1,000 for public street lighting.
Plans were passed for the building of 23 houses at Skelton Green by Messrs Nixon Bros of Brotton.

13th April - BOY SCOUTS AT WAR.
A tactical scheme was carried out by Scouts and members of the Church Lads Brigades at Upleatham this afternoon. The defence of the hill was undertaken by the Redcar and Marske Scouts and Redcar and Guisborough Church Lads Brigade under Capt A Bulmer. The attacking force consisted of Skelton Boy Scouts, directed by Mr Craven.

24th April - SCOUTS RALLY.
St George's Day was last evening celebrated by a scout rally on the Skelton Green Recreation Ground, organised by the local troop. Colonel Wharton and Major Hamilton were both present at an interesting exhibition given by the Scouts.

28th April - POOR RATE.
A Poor Rate for Skelton of 1s 2d was today signed by the Guisborough justices.

1st May - HUNDRED QUID FOR HUNT KEEPER.
The Annual Dinner for the keepers in the Cleveland Hunt was held at the Wharton Arms, Skelton on Wednesday.
Mr W H A Wharton presided.
Mr R B Turton, Chairman of the Hunt Committee presented Will Rees, the kennel huntsman, who is leaving after 9 year's service with a cheque for £100 and a silver tray, subscribed for by about 250 of the members and farmers of the Hunt.

2nd May - MORE ELBOW SPACE FOR THE DEAD.
At the annual meeting of the Skelton Burial Board it was reported that Mr W H A Wharton had generously offered two and a half acres of land to the Board for the extension of the Cemetery at New Skelton.

6th May - DEATH OF A WELL LOVED NURSE.
Genuine regret is being expressed among all classes in the Skelton District at the death of Nurse Murray, which occurred suddenly yesterday afternoon. The deceased lady ministered to the working classes of Skelton through the generosity of Mr and Mrs Wharton of Skelton Castle and for over 16 years had moved daily among the people rendering ungrudging service in homes where the help of a nurse was needed.
He work was deeply appreciated by all the residents and especially by the working classes and many have been the tributes paid to her.
The end came with painful suddenness. Nurse Murray had been out about noon yesterday and 2 hours later she had a fatal seizure in her home and passed away almost immediately. A great loss to Skelton.

20th May - EMPIRE DAY.
Sunday next being Empire Day, the Skelton Castle grounds will be thrown open to the public of Skelton and District through the kindness of Mr and Mrs W H A Wharton. Music will be provided by the North Skelton Band.

26th May - COLLARLESS MINER COLLARED.
A Skelton miner, named William Wright, was today fined 10s 6d, including costs, for allowing his nine months-old whippet dog to wander abroad without a collar and also without having purchased a license.

27th May - SERIOUS ACCIDENT ON ORCHARD BANK.
A collision occurred last evening near the Orchard Gate at Skelton Mill on the road between Skelton and Upleatham Lane Ends, as a result of which a Skelton young lady, Miss Beatrice Kidd, lies seriously injured at her residence in High St, suffering concussion and other injuries including a fractured thigh.
It appears that Miss Kidd had been to Saltburn to witness the aeroplane flights. About 8 o'clock while cycling down the bank at a dangerous corner she ran into a motor, belonging to Messrs Minchin and Godsmark of Saltburn.
She was thrown off the machine and severely injured. The driver who had not seen the young lady until she ran into the car took her home in his motor and also secured the services of Dr Hill.

28th May - OLD SHAFT MINER INJURED.
A miner, named William Robson, of Shaft Cottages, Skelton was injured about the legs whilst at work at Skelton Old Shaft today. He was removed to the Skelton Hospital for treatment.

3rd June - PROMENADE CONCERTS.
The Saltburn Urban Councillors granted permission to the North Skelton Hope to Prosper Band to give performances on the High Promenade on Saturdays and Sundays during June.

9th June - THANK YOU FOR JAIL.
At Guisborough today, James Taylor, of no fixed abode, told magistrates he was on the scrap heap and was too old and too much used up to do anything. He was sent to prison for 14 days for having begged at Skelton on June 5th. "Thank you, sir," said he as he left the dock.

9th June - FILTHY MOUTHED MINER.
The Guisborough magistrates today ordered Daniel Williams, a Boosbeck mines horse-driver, to pay 20 shillings inclusive for having used bad language at Skelton on May 23rd. The defendant said he had a habit of talking to himself when he got a drink of beer.

16th June - GAMBLING BANKERS CHARGED.
Four youths, named Clarence Paine, Walter Duck, Albert Taylor and George Cripps, residing at Boosbeck appeared before Guisborough justices today on a charge of gaming at "banker". They raised the plea that they were only playing for matches, but PC Bainbridge stated that he had had them under observation for 35 minutes on the footpath between Skelton Green and Slapewath and saw money pass. They were ordered to pay the costs without a conviction.

16th June - TEN BOB TO KICK A BOBBY.
Charles Sanderson, a labourer of Skelton, was ordered to pay the costs on a charge of being drunk and disorderly at Redcar on Monday night and 10 shillings and costs for assaulting PC Craggs.
Sanderson approached some men standing near the Town Clock and tried to pick a quarrel, but they would have nothing to do with him.
He began to use bad language and when the Constable took hold of him the both fell to the ground.
Sanderson kicked him on the back of the head and several times in the stomach. The policeman had to call on the assistance of one of the onlookers.
He continued being very violent on the way to the police station.
Sanderson said that he could not remember anything.

17th June - LONGACRE MINER INJURED.
A North Skelton miner, named Thomas Kirk, was yesterday afternoon severely injured about the back through a fal of stone in Longacre Mine. He was admitted to the Skelton Mines Hospital.

29th June - MORE IRONSTONE INJURIES.
Injured about the leg by a fall of stone in the North Skelton Mines, John Leng was yesterday admitted to the Brotton Hospital. Ernest Linford was also admitted to the hospital, his leg having been injured at the Skinningrove Ironworks. A third man, V Mann, received injuries at the Carlin How Mine and also taken to the hospital.

4th July - WATER SHORTAGE AT SKELTON GREEN.
At the Council meeting a letter was read from the Engineer of the Cleveland Water Company about the complaints as to the scarcity of water at Skelton Green and the higher part of Lingdale. The problem was due to the Company's desire to help the manager of South Skelton Mine to keep the mine at work during the hot weather owing to the shortage of water.

6th July - BIKE CRASH.
A plumber's apprentice, named John Hewling of High St, Skelton, sustained two fractures of his left leg on Saturday afternoon in colliding with a motor cycle as he was cycling down a bank near Skelton. Removed to local hospital for treatment.


11th July - GENESIS - ONCE THERE WAS DARKNESS - AND THE COUNCIL SAID - NO MORE GAS - LET THERE BE ELECTRIC LIGHT.
A special meeting of the Skelton and Brotton Urban Council decided to accept the tender of Messrs Graham Bros of Middlesbrough for the fixing of Electric Plant throughout the district for £6,170. It was resolved to inform the two gas companies that the Council would not require their services for street lighting next season.

20th July - THE TERRITORIALS.
There was a parade of the Territorials and members of the National Reserve and Red Cross Society to the Guisborough Parish Church yesterday morning, when the Rev Chester Master preached to a crowded congregation. Capt Jackson was in charge of the Territorials, who were headed by the band of the 4th Yorks from Skelton. Other officers present Capt B Charlton [killed in action March 1918] and Lieut Richardson [died before 4th Yorks went abroad].

21st July - AVOIDED DOING BIRD FOR PINCHING BIRD.
Charged with stealing a brown linnet, valued 10s, belonging to Robert H Herd of the Green Tree Hotel, Brotton, a miner named John W Hodgson of North Skelton appeared before the justices at Guisborough today.
The evidence showed that on Saturday afternoon complainant miss the bird from his premises and it was afterwards discovered to be in the possession of the defendant. Complainant appealed to the Bench to deal leniently with Hodgson.
Defendant pleaded that he did not know what he was doing and that he was in drink at the time. Bench ordered a fine of 10s.

21st July - SKELTON KID CATCHER'S CRICKET SUIT PINCHED.
A youth named Cyril Walter Snow, aged 16, employed at a local laundry, was before the

Magistrates at Guisborough today charged with stealing a cricket suit valued at £1 19s, the property of Charles J Susshion, school attendance officer for Skelton.
The clothes were taken from Guisborough Railway Station. Sgt Taylor said the lad first denied the offence and then admitted it and the suit was recovered at his house.
His employer gave him a good character and said he wanted to swank a bit and be better dressed than others. He would take the boy back.
The Bench dealt with him as a first offender and he was bound over for 12 month and placed under the Probation Officer.

22nd July - NORTH SKELTON LADY LIBERALS.
The North Skelton Women's Liberal Association held their annual outing to Whitby on Monday. The party travelled in brakes [horse drawn carriages] and being favoured by beautiful weather a most enjoyable day was spent.

31st July - TERRITORIALS ANNUAL CAMP.
The Annual Camp for the Territorial Force York and Durham Brigade,[which included the 4th Battalion of the Yorkshire Regiment of which Skelton G Company was a part] was held at Deganwy, North Wales. Mr W H A Wharton, Chairman of the North Riding Territorial Association left Saltburn today to pay a visit to his old Battalion.

3rd August - QUOITS CHAMPIONSHIP.
In the individual championship of the North of England Amateur Quoits Association, played on Saturday last on the Hartlepool Raglan ground some very good quoit playing was witnessed
Among the results was A Millward, Skelton 17, G Greenfield, Raglan 13.

4th August - THREAT OF WAR - NO PUPPIES.
Owing to the present crisis, Mr Wharton of Skelton Castle regrets that he is unable to hold the Cleveland Puppy Show on Saturday next.

WAR DECLARED.
Germany invaded Belgium and Britain, sworn by Treaty to protect that country's neutrality, declared War.
On the 28th June Archduke Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian throne had been shot shot in Sarajevo by a Serbian Nationalist. This was the spark that ignited a powder keg of World problems.
Nationalism and Imperialism were rampant. The French and Germans had old grievances to settle.
Small nations, like Serbia in the Balkans wanted independence.
The Germans, powerful, but enclosed and desiring expansion were jealous of British sea power and the British and French colonies.
Diplomacy was conducted in secret by remote aristocrats. No direct lines of communication existed between Governments.
No one could possibly foresee the devastation that was to come.
European wars in the past had been settled in pitched battles using short range cannon, cavalry charges, rifles and bayonets.
At first it seemed it would be that way again.
The Germans advanced through Belgium, circumventing the well prepared French forts in Alsace and Lorraine.
But once their lines of communication were stretched and the British and French built up their defences, the truth in hindsight is clear, but could not be seen by most at the time.
Weaponry had reached a point of stalemate.
The Artillery and the machine gun behind repeated lines of barbed wire and deep ditches were kings of the battlefield.
The tank had yet to be invented to overcome them and aircraft were little more than motorised kites.
The Generals, schooled in the old ways, often accused the troops of cowardice and devised plan after plan for throwing ever more flesh and bone of innocent young men against impenetrable defences to achieve the "breakthrough" that never really came.

A small village, like Skelton, with a population of roughly 5000 had about 800 males between the ages of 18 and 40.
Of these well over 500 volunteered or were conscripted to fight.
Around 100 were killed and many more were wounded or suffered mental shock.
Skelton's losses were repeated often more severely throughout most communities in Europe, and much of the Commonwealth.
9 million lives would be lost and society would change for ever.


Skelton Detachment "G" of The 4th Battalion, Yorkshire Regiment. Probably taken at Redcar, N Yorks where the Annual Camp was held in 1913.
[Photograph kindly donated by Peter Appleton.]

5th August - LOCAL TERRITORIALS ORDERED TO MOBILISE.
The 4th Battalion, now back at their HQ in Northallerton, received the order to mobilise for War.
They were redesignated the 1/4th Battalion, as a new 2/4th Battalion would be formed to take over their role of Home Defence.
The War Office announced that if 80 percent of the battalion were to volunteer for service abroad, it would be permitted to embark as a unit.
90 percent did so and such was the enthusiasm to fight for the cause, another two hundred recruits were ready and waiting to join the Battalion.

7th August - MRS WHARTON'S PROMPT AID.
Letter to local Gazette-
Sir, I have been asked to have a Convalescent Home for Officers here and one for Soldiers in the village of Skelton in connection with the Red Cross.
I shall be glad to receive contributions for the Soldiers' fund in the shape of money, shirts, nightshirts, socks, towels, blankets etc etc.
I feel sure that those who have not Soldier's hospitals near them will be glad to help me as they did during the Boer War.
Yours faithfully,
Bessie S. M. Wharton, Skelton Castle, Cleveland, Yorkshire.


First Banknote, issued 7 August 1914 to gradually replace Gold Sovereigns.

7th August - The Treasury urged the British public not to demand payment in gold and issued the first paper banknotes in £1 and 10 shilling denominations.
The Government later passed legislation ending the Gold Standard.
The 1914 George V gold sovereign was the last one to be circulated.
Much of the gold was later melted down to pay our War debts

7th August - Regular Army reservists were called up and families lost their wage earner. Trade with Germany stopped and uncertainty spread. Some people lost their jobs or were put on short time.
Mrs Pankhurst later wrote:-
"The purchasing power of large sections of the people had dwindled to zero; to be work-less then meant literal starvation. The small unemployment benefit obtainable under the national insurance applied only to a few trades.

The Defence of the Realm Act introduced Censorship to prevent assisting the Enemy.

It was an axion of then Poor Law practice that relief, save the shelter of the workhouse, must not be granted to the “able-bodied” and their dependents...Even had Poor Law procedure allowed it, the guardians had not the funds to cope with this great wave of unemployment."
In response the Prince of Wales Relief Fund was established. Among the immediate donations was £1,000 from Mr W H A Wharton of Skelton Castle.

8th August - DEFENCE OF THE REALM ACT.
This short piece of legislation gave the Government virtually unlimited powers to protect the interests of Britain.
Any land or building that could be used to aid the War effort could be requisitioned.
Censorship in regard to any matters that could assist the enemy was imposed on newspapers and correspondence.
Making public statements against the War effort would be regarded as the punishable offence of Sedition.
Deliberately breaching the regulations to help the enemy was made a capital offence and 10 people were subsequently executed for Treason.
As the War progressed further amendments were made that led to some seemingly quaint public rules.
Among activities that were banned were - kite flying, lighting bonfires, ringing Church bells, showing lights at windows, buying binoculars, feeding bread to animals, using invisible ink.

8th August - KEEP THE LIGHTS ON - DO NOT PANIC.
At the Council meeting the question arose as to whether it would not be better to postpone the Electric Lighting scheme until next year in view of the outbreak of War.
The Chairman, Mr D W Dixon, said the best service they could render would be to go about their business in the ordinary way and avoid any tendency to panic.

19th August - NORTH SKELTON MINER BADLY INJURED.
John Martin Gavin lies in a critical condition at Brotton Cottage Hospital suffering sever injuries to his back. He was sitting at a Deputy's station in the Mine when a fall of stone occurred and he was struck on the back.

23rd August. THE BATTLE OF MONS IN BELGIUM.
The British Expeditionary Force, composed at first of men of the Regular Army, and French retreat into France.


General Kitchener's enlistment campaign.

26th August - LORD KITCHENER'S ARMY.
With the object of obtaining recruits for Lord Kitchener's army a series of open air meetings are being held in East Cleveland by Major E Hamilton J.P. who has undertaken the task in this part of the North Riding.
Skinningrove will be visited tomorrown night. Loftus on Friday and Lingdale on Saturday. On Friday Miss Gertrude Bell is to speak on the War at the Institute, Skelton and Colonel Wharton will preside. So far about 50 recruits have been enrolled in this area.

27th August - CO-OP "DIVI"
A Dividend of 2s 10d in the £ on General purchases and 1s 8d in the £ on Butchering will be paid by the Skelton Co-operative Society for the current quarter. The membership is 1,620, an increase of 31 and the sales amounted to £21,137 6s 7d for the half year giving a profit of £2,804 3s.

27th August - 4TH BATTALION BEAT THE LADIES.
In a cricket match last evening the Skelton G Company of the 4th Battalion, Yorkshire Regiment defeated Cockerton Ladies by 59 to 40.


Gertrude Bell.

29th August - GERTRUDE BELL'S STIRRING APPEAL AT SKELTON INSTITUTE.
For nearly an hour she told the story of the international events of the past 2 years. The great efforts made by Sir Edward Grey to maintain peace, the desire of the Germans for a powerful navy and for colonies, their refusal to recognise the neutrality of Belgium, their endeavours to strike a dishonourable bargain with England behind the back of France.
In the History of the World the defence of Belgium would always occupy an honoured place.
The German people had had impressed upon them the doctrines of the military party and of the War Lord.
A victory for Germany would cripple our commerce and destroy the Navy. It would mean the seizure of our colonies and the destruction of the Liberty of Europe, for Liberty is not a word known in German dictionaries.
Young men must come forward and take their place in the fighting ranks. Women too could help. They must not refuse to let the men go, for this was a Battle for life and we could not afford to lose.
The Rev H M Drake, Mr T Varty, mine manager and Doctors Thorney and Wigfield followed to endorse the appeal.
At the close a good number of recruits were enrolled.

28th August - CASTLE GROUNDS HELP SOLDIERS AND SAILORS.
Through the kindness of Colonel W H A Wharton the Skelton Castle grounds and gardens will be thrown open to the public on Sunday afternoon when the North Skelton Band will render a programme of music.


Local Volunteers waiting at Guisborough Railway Station to join their Units.
[Photograph kindly contributed by John Dobson.]

Boxes will be placed at the entrance to enable those who feel inclined to help the Soldiers and Sailors Families Association. This organisation is entrusted with the task of looking after the dependents of those who are fighting the country's battles and many no doubt will welcome this opportunity of showing recognition of the patriotic work it is doing.
At the event a large crown assembled in fron of the Castle and sang "Abide with Me" and the National Anthem. The Marseillaise was played by the Band. Colonel Wharton gave a short address pointing out the gravity of the situation and the need for young men enlisting immediately.

31st August - ENTHUSIASTIC RECRUITS.
Enthusiastic scenes were associated with the departure of recruits from the mining areas of Cleveland today. About thirty from Lingdale, Skelton and Boosbeck left amid cheers of a large crowd and 60 departed from Loftus and Skinningrove receiving an equally enthusiastic send off.
At Saltburn the recruits were also heartily greeted and those who assembled on the platform included Major Hamilton and the officials and Executive of the Cleveland Miners' Association. East Cleveland is responding well to the appeal.
A further batch of 24 left Guisborough this morning and more are to follow.

1st September - POACHED RABBIT.
A Skelton Farm Labourer, named Philip Watson, was this afternoon at Guisborough fined 10 shillings for taking a rabbit trap and some snares from a wood near Boosbeck.
2nd September - SIR HUGH BELL'S APPEAL FOR MEN.
Sir, The 4th Battalion of the Yorkshire Alexandra Princess of Wales Own Regiment, which recruits in the North Riding has volunteered for service abroad. At the time of volunteering it was practically up to full strength and upwards of 95 percent are ready to serve their country in the field.
A certain number of men will be required to make good this deficiency of 5 percent and also to make up for the men who fail to pass medical examination either on the grounds of age or other reasons.
Some recruits are therefore required to go into training at once. Any men between the ages of 19 and 35, who wish to join are invited to present themselves to the Recruiting Officers of the Battalion at one the undermentioned stations:- ......
Saltburn, Marske, Brotton, Loftus, Skelton and district - Major E Hamilton, Rigwood, Skelton.

5th September - COUNCIL - SMALLPOX AND COPPER WIRE.
The Skelton and Brotton Council was informed that the the birth rate for the month was 34.5 per thousand and the death rate 12 per 1000.
A suggestion that the Smallpox Hospital be used for convalescent Sailors and Soldiers was referred back to the Joint Hospital Committes as the Local Government Board had already written urging provision for dealing with Smallpox cases in the present War crisis.
The contractors for the Electric Lighting project could not get copper Wire from Antwerp and it was going to cost £250 more from elsewhere. Also the work was disorganised and delayed owing to the fact that Mr Austin Graham who was in charge had been mobilised with the Territorials.

5th September - THE BATTLE OF THE MARNE.
German lines were severely stretched and gaps opened between their Armies allowing the Allies to stop their advance at the Battle of the Marne. The Germans withdrew to strong-points of defence, which were to develop into the Western Front.


Herbert "Bert" Willie Riddiough with his wife Annie Eliza. He is pictured here later in life with his Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes "Jewel".

7th September - SKELTON'S PATRIOTIC SONG WRITER.
Mr Bert Riddiough of Skelton has had published two patriotic songs of his own composition and these are being sold at one penny, the proceeds being in aid of the National Relief Fund. Assistance in this object has been secured of shop keepers in the District and the Skelton boy Scouts.
More about Bert and copies of his songs can be seen by clicking here

15th September - VIOLENT NORTH SKELTON DRUNKARD.
For a rather serious assault upon PC Dickinson, a North Skelton labourer, named Walter Holden of no fixed address was at Guisborough today sent to 2 month's hard labour, and for for being drunk and disorderly he had to pay 10 shillings or a further 7 days.
The officer stated that on Saturday night he saw the prisoner in a drunken condition and using very bad language.
He threatend to his the Constable with a bottle and attempted to do so. When taken into custody prisoner became very violent and kicked the officer about the chest, shins and on the wrist so severely as to disable him.
Eventually he was got on to a cart, but Holden flung both himself and the officer from this and it was only with the assistance of a civilian that the man was taken to the Police Station.

17th September - MORE RECRUITS.
Recruits continue to come forward in good numbers in the Skelton District for Col wharton's Reserve Battalion of Territorials and contingents are leaving from Cleveland every day.


The postcard above was sent from Skelton in 1914, probably just after war was declared.
Note the soldier coming across the field and the horse and trap in the High St.


The sender says she is "going to see the pictures tonight".
The new wonder of the age - silent movies, with captions,
backed by the local pianist and starring people
like Charlie Chaplin and Mary Pickford.

So far about 100 recruits have been sent from Skelton district alone and Guisborough and Redcar have sent good contingents.

18th September - NORTH SKELTON INFANTS HELP WAR EFFORT.
A display of games and physical drill was given in the playground by the children attending the North Skelton Infant School. The collection which amounted to £2 15s was taken in aid of the Soldiers and Sailors Necessaries Fund.

22nd September - LOSSES AT PITCH AND TOSS.
Three North Skelton miners, John William Hodgson, Thomas H Johns and William Beeforth were charged at Guisborough today with playing pitch and toss. Hodgson was fined 15 shillings and the other two 10s.

23rd September - PARSON'S BROTHER IN LAW KILLED IN ACTION.
Information has been received at Skelton that Captain Slater, attached to one of the South country Regiments and brother of Mrs Drake, wife of the Rev H M Drake, Rector of Skelton has been killed in action.

26th September - NEEDY WIVES AND DEPENDENTS.
In view of the large number of men of Cleveland who are serving with the Colours, we are asked to give the names of the ladies and gentlemen who are

acting for the Soldiers and Sailors Families Association, so that wives and dependents know to whom application should be made for assistance. Mrs Wharton is the President.:- For North Skelton - Mr W Walker, Wharton St.

3rd October - SKELTON NEEDS LIGHTS.
At the Council meeting it was proposed to contract supplies to give houses 5 lights for 7 old pence [2.9 new pence] with an extra penny for each additional light.
Several Skelton representatives urged that the absence of lamps was greatly felt.

5th October - RED CROSS PARADE.
A successful parade organised by the Brotton detachment of the Red Cross Society was held at North and New Skelton on Saturday in aid of the Red Cross Funds. Flowers and flags were sold and musical selections rendered by the local bands.

6th October - BAND MEMBERS ENLIST.
Six members of the North Skelton Hope to Prosper Band are now serving with the Colours. Despite their depleted numbers the Band have done a patriotic work raising funds for various organisations during the past six weeks.

14th October to 22nd November - THE FIRST BATTLE OF YPRES.
After the Battle of the Marne both sides tried to outflank the other going North and West, digging in as they went.
This "race to the sea" ended with bloody warfare around Ypres, where the last gap was left and it was vital to prevent the Germans taking control of the Channel ports.
The British Army succeeded in pushing the Germans back in a semi-circle to the East of Ypres, which became in the next 4 years the killing fields called the Ypres Salient.
But at the end we had lost over half of our 160,000 regular Army.
At home the local 4th Yorks Battalion moved to Newcastle for Training and did not move to France until 18th April 1915.

16th October - BOY SCOUTS ENLIST.
Major Hamilton presided over the Annual General Meeting of the Skelton Boy Scouts.
It was reported that the present strength of the troop is 60 and that 4 officers and 6 boys from the troop had joined the Colours:-
4th Battalion Yorkshire Regiment - Scoutmaster Fred Dickinson. Bandmaster J R Morgan. Patrol Leader Fred Godsmark. Patrol Leader Fred Jackson. Corporal J E B Miller. Scout A Porritt. 6th Battalion Yorkshire Regiment - Asst-Scoutmaster S G Craven. [died 21 Aug 1915] 5th Battalion Durham Light Infantry - Asst-Scoutmaster W G Yeoman. HMS Black Prince - Patrol Leader Edgar Peat.

29th Oct. - TURKEY JOINS GERMANY.
Turkey enters the war on the side of the German led Central Powers.


30th October - WAR DEATH OF SKELTON LAD - THE FIRST OF 100.
71004 Acting Bombardier "JIM" - JAMES HORACE YOUNG DAY, 71st Battery, 36th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery. Died of wounds, aged 19, at Boulogne base Hospital.
Home at 33 Boosbeck Rd, Skelton Green, N Yorks. Son of Sarah Ann and William Day. Jim is buried at Boulogne Eastern Cemetery.
Family and War Service page.



Major Clive M Dixon.

5th November - WAR DEATH, YPRES.
Major CLIVE MACDONALD DIXON , 16th Lancers was killed in action at Ypres and buried in Niewkerke Churchyard.
He was the husband of Lillian Margaret Bell, the daughter of the late John and Margaret Bell of Rushpool Hall, Skelton.
They lived at Chapelgarth, Great Broughton, nr Stokesley and had 3 sons and 3 daughters.
Clive'sHis father was Shipbuilder and Mayor of Middlesbrough in 1889, Mr Raylton Dixon of Gunnergate Hall, Marton.
He was also a talented artist and illustrator. Lillian, also a talented artist, thereafter exhibited her work with the Cleveland Sketching Club as Mrs Clive Dixon.

7th November - SCARLET FEVER AND FORD PROBLEM.
At the Council meeting the Medical Officer for the area reported 27 cases of Scarlet Fever, with 11 patients taken to the Isolation Hospital.
Major Hamilton complained about the unsatisfactory condition of the ford at Old Saltburn, which has to be crossed by motor traffic from Skelton to Saltburn. Matter left with the Surveyor.

10th November - PATRIOTIC TEACHERS.
The East Cleveland teachers have decided to contribute 3d in the £ from their wages to the National Relief Fund. A collection last Saturday on the occasion of their being entertained to tea by the Skelton Lady Teachers realised £1 7s 11d for the Fund.

14th November - NORTH SKELTON DANCE.
The sum of £4 4s 7d was raised on behalf of the local branch of Queen Mary's Guild by a parade at North Skelton last Saturday, which was followed by a tea and Dance.


14th November - VOTES FOR WOMEN.
At the third annual meeting of the Saltburn branch of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies held in the Towers School Gymnasium it was reported that a branch had been started at Skelton with 46 members and East Cleveland now had 150.
Members were serving on the local Patriotic Committee to deal with local distress, but members had declined to work for the local MP, Mr Herbert Samuel unless he agreed to support Women's Suffrage. [Applause]

19 November - DRILL HALL DANCE.
A very successful whist drive and dance in aid of the National Relief Fund promoted by Mrs W Petch of Priestcroft was held in the new Drill Hall, Skelton last night. There was a large company and a substantial sum will be handed over by Mrs Petch.

1st December - DUKE WILLIAM AIDS BELGIANS.
£1 5s 6d collected by Miss Allen at the Duke William Hotel, Skelton was paid to the Fund for Belgian refugees housed in Middlesbrough.

1st December - POCKETFUL OF RABBITS.
"I am fairly caught this time, I thought you would be all at dinner." observed William Scuffam, a miner of Skelton Green, when PC Lawson stopped him in Park Road, Skelton about mid-day on Sunday and discovered that his bulky pockets contained two dead rabbits. He was also accompanied by a dog.
Today he was charged with a breach of the Poaching Prevention Act and admitted having the rabbits in his possession, but declared that he killed them on the road after they had been seized by a weasel.
The Bench imposed a penalty of 10s 6d inclusive.

14th December - LABOUR SHORTAGE AT MINES.
If allowance is made for those serving with the local Territorials, which is one of the strongest in the country, about 1,000 men from East Cleveland are now serving the nation, or about 5 percent of the entire population.
Is it in the national interest to drain still further this locality of its young manhood and jeopardise the main industry ?
There is undoubtedly a shortage of labour in many parts of the mining area.


The present Parliamentary campaign is not likely to be senstationally productive seeing that 11 percent of the members of leading trades unions are with the Colours.

16th December - GERMANS SHELL THE NORTH EAST COAST.
On the morning of this day for an hour and a half German warships shelled the North East coast with much damage caused at Hartlepool, Whitby and Scarborough. The casualties of 137 dead and 592 wounded, including women and children, aroused outrage and the desire for revenge.
The Vicar of New Marske reported -
"Confirmation Service disrupted by heavy gunfire as German Fleet shell coast, guns roared and the whole earth shook, the milkman had no one to knock up this morning!"
A Nurse who was living in the village of Grosmont wrote the following to her mother:-
Suddenly at 9.10 am we heard what the children thought was blasting, only very near, the windows rattled and the house shook again and again. I said, "I am sure it is firing off the coast"...
I can tell you the sound was pretty terrifying but it only lasted 10 minutes, the car was ordered and away we flew to Whitby. We were there about three quarters of an hour after the two German cruisers had gone, but the houses they had wrecked were awful. When we got near Whitby we saw streams of people with panic stricken faces trying to get away. I never want to see such a thing again...
Telegraph wires hanging like threads all snapped, huge gaping holes in the side of houses, roofs off, glass smashed everywhere and old women shaking with fright and sobbing. We picked up lots of bits of shell. I have one in my pocket as I write.
The two German cruisers fired at the coastguard station, shot that to bits and killed one coastguard,


We saw the stretcher being carried. Some of the coastguards said the cruisers came in so close they could see the men working on their decks.
We hear that these cruisers have visited Scarborough and other places and damaged them, but as all wires are out order it is difficult to get news. In one street the venetian blinds had been blown right across the street, lamp post upturned and I saw a pool of blood in front of a house so went in to see if anyone was hurt.
Portions of furniture, doors and windows were lying about the streets and in the fields just outside the town are large holes about 5 or 6 feet square. If the shells had been fired earlier when people were in bed I should think hundreds would have been killed as so many of the bedrooms were struck.

18th December. DEATH OF NORTH SKELTON MINER.
John Martin Gavin, aged 46, died as a result of injuries received on the 19th August 1914.

21st December - FIRST GERMAN AIR RAID ON BRITAIN.

29th December - THE GUARDIANS AND THE WORKHOUSE.
At this afternoons meeting of the Guisborough Guardians, Mrs Sutherst, the lady inspector of widows and children, said that there was hardly a home which she visited which had not suffered from the effects of the War in one way or another. Through the kindness of some ladies parcels had been sent to some homes.
A vote of thanks to the Workhouse Master, Matron and staff for their services during the Christmas festivities and their work during the year.
Miss E M Kent was appointed industrial trainer and Mrs Jagger of Skelton the foster mother at the Children's Homes.


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