SKELTON - IN - CLEVELAND
IN HISTORY

1642 ~ 1660


Barn at Home Farm, Skelton. Built 1642 Restored 1831
[W III presumably refers to King William IV 1830-1837
and William of Orange 1697-1702 was discounted and seen in "1831" as the Dutch Consort of Mary]

1642 - Civil war in England.

A piece of local folk-lore has it that Cromwell passed close to Skelton, but missed the Castle hidden in the woods.

The locals, however, were heard and given a good beating on Flowston.

A small skirmish took place somewhere between Skelton and Guisborough between Royalists under the command of Colonel Slingsby and Parliamentarians under Sir Hugh Cholmley and Sir Matthew Boynton.

Slingsby was taken prisoner and some of his men killed.

[The influential battle of Marston Moor took place between Knaresborough and York.

A Slingsby held Knaresborough Castle against a long seige and was the last person to be executed for plotting after the Civil War].

Another piece of folk lore from this period claims that Charlie's Hill at nearby Stanghow is so called because Charles I used it as an observation to watch fighting at Kilton and Skelton.

Oliver Cromwell
1645 - It appears that many clergy who could not agree with the Puritan beliefs were removed from their livings and Marske [where vicar was not for the time being moved] parish records of this time show a number of entries of Skelton folk.

1647 - Death of George Trotter of Skelton Castle. He was succeeded by his son Edward. Edward was married to Mary, daughter of Sir John Lowther of Lowther. They had 14 children.

1649 - Execution of Charles I.

1653 Cromwell, Lord Protector

It has been suggested that the brasses on the Fauconberg blue marble stone in the floor of the old church at Skelton were torn off by the Puritans during this period.

1654 - Edward Trotter exchanged one third of Eston for one third of Skelton with Henry Stapylton. The Stapyltons had purchased this third from the heirs of Lord Conyers after the division of the Skelton estate in 1556.

1656 - Edward Trotter purchased the remaining third of Skelton estate from the Conyer's heirs. See 1556.

The population of England was estimated to be about 5.3 million at this time.

1657 - Winter into 1658 reputedly to be the longest ever, lasting into March.

1658 - Death of Oliver Cromwell.

The North Riding Quarter Sessions sitting at Thirsk ordered:-

'That the Sheriff of the County of Yorke do forthwith cause the following rates of artificers and labourers and servants wages to be proclaimed in and throughout the N Riding and especially in every market towne in the said riding:- [One pound equalled 20 shillings or 240 pence and had the purchasing of about 120 in the year 2000]


By day with meate By day without meate
Carpenter 6 pence 12 pence
His Apprentices 4 pence 8 pence
Mason 6 pence 12 pence
His Apprentices 4 pence 8 pence
Taylor 4 pence 8 pence
His Apprentices 2 pence 4 pence
Theaker [Thatcher] 6 pence 12 pence
Mower 6 pence 12 pence
Corn Reaper 4 pence 8 pence
Woman Corn Reaper 3 pence 6 pence
Woman hay worker 2 pence 4 pence
Ordinary labourer - summer] 3 pence 6 pence
Labourer - winter] 2 pence 4 pence
A manservant in charge of husbandry 4 for the yeare
Ordinary manservant 3 for the yeare
A maidservant in charge of dairy 2 for the yeare
Ordinary maidservant 30 shillings for the yeare
Maidservant between 14 and 21 yrs 20 shillings for the yeare

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