||1301 - A Parliament at Lincoln in this year authorised a "Lay Subsidy". This was a tax on the
whole population and was based on a fifteenth part of each person's movable possessions. Among the taxpayers of Skelton
were a 'a merchant, a fuller, a weaver, a potter, a tanner, a baker, a smith, a butcher, 2 carpenters and 3 carriers
[pannierman,wainman and a carter].'
There were 63 taxpayers in Skelton who paid a total of £5 13s 0¾d. Multiplying this by 15 gives the total value of these
villagers possessions as £84 6s 8¼d.
Total taxpayers in other places in the North Riding of Yorkshire were Guisborough 85, Whitby 96, Marske and Redcar 89,
There must have been many poorer, labouring people who did not pay tax.
To see a full list of the Skelton taxpayers - Click here.
Robert Bruce of Scotland
|1304 - Walter de Fauconberg of Skelton Castle died on the night of November 1st and was
buried at Nunkeeling, Holderness, where there was a nunnery that had been founded by one of his ancestors. His inquest
was on the Feast of St Edmund the King and Martyr, November 20th [33 Edward I]. It is said the effigies of Walter
and Agnes are on the North side of the altar of Nunkeeling Parish Church. He was succeeded at Skelton Castle by
his son, also called Walter, aged 40 at this time, who was married to Isabel, daughter of Robert, Lord Ros of
There is a mention of 12 tenants in Stanghow, called 'gresmen'
who held 10 'oxgangs' of land.
1306 - Robert de Bruce murdered his rival John Comyn
and was crowned king of Scotland.
Thus the descendent of the first Robert de Brus of Skelton started the
royal line of Scotland and [after the accession James I united the two
kingdoms in 1603] of England.
In the words of J Walker Ord in his "History and Antiquities
of Cleveland" -
"This small obscure and insignificant village will for ever
stand renowned, not only in the history of Cleveland, but in that of
the empire of the world, as the birthplace of a lofty and illustrious
line of nobles, and the ancient cradle and nursery of warriors,
princes, and kings.
From this little nook of Cleveland, sprang mighty monarchs, queens,
high chancellors, archbishops, earls, barons, ambassadors, and knights;
and, above all, one brilliant and immortal name, Robert Bruce, the
great Scottish patriot, who, when liberty lay vanquished and prostrate
in the dust, and the genius of national freedom had fled shivering from
her native hills, bravely stood forth its latest and noblest champion,
and, in defiance of England's noblest chivalry, achieved for Scotland a
glorious independence, and for himself imperishable fame."
1307 - Robert de Bruce was a fugitive in the West of
Death of Edward I and accession of Edward II.
1310 - Robert de Bruce ravaged Northumberland as far as
Edward II, from his effigy.
|1312 - Edward II was at odds with his own
barons. The Scots sacked Durham and Hartlepool and plundered as far
Skipton. Skelton Castle was damaged.
1314 - Robert de Bruce defeated Edward II at
Britain suffered severe famine during this period.
1318 - Death of Walter de Fauconberg II of Skelton
Castle. He was succeeded by his son John. John was married to Eva,
daughter of William de Bulmer.
Perquisites from the Lord's court in Skelton amounted to 6 shillings
1319 - John de Fauconberg had a grant of a weekly
market on a Saturday and a fair on a Whit Monday and the following two
days. Tolls from the fair in Skelton were 13 shillings and 4 pence.
1320 - Around this time an Act of Parliament ordered
the cessation of markets on Sundays to prevent any profanity of the
Lord's day and it was changed to Saturday. At the same time a licence
for a yearly fair on the Monday in Whitsuntide was granted.
1325 - A new church was built on the site by the Castle
where the Anglo Saxon one stood. A piece of stone now kept in All
Saints Church in the High Street is thought to have come from a sun
dial that decorated the Anglo Saxon building.
"There was a Chantry within the Church, called Skelton Chantry, founded according to Torr, in the year 1325, by Adam de Skelton,
who, having obtained the licence of John Lord Fauconberge, Lord of Skelton and the King's licence also, [i8. Edward I] gave to the Prior
and convent of Drax, one messuage and one carucate and a half of land in Hylton, in Cleveland, for which donation they granted to him for ever,
that they would find one perpetual chaplain every day in the year to celebrate divine offices in the Church of Skelton in Cleveland, for the
souls of him the said Adam and Margaret, his wife, of Peter, his father and Alicia, his mother and c.
And to allow the said chaplain and his successors five marks [1 mark = 3s 4d] per annum stipend; who within 2 months after every vacation, shall
be presentable by him the said Adam during his life; and after his decease, by the Prior and Convent of Drax and their successors."
1327 - Civil war in England. Edward II was deposed and
accession of Edward III.
The priests at Skelton All Saints' Church were John of Malton followed
by John of Driffield.
1330 - Much of the castle was rebuilt. It is likely
that it had suffered from attacks of the Scots on this area.
1334 - Skelton is assessed for the Subsidy at 2,
compared with Yarm £9, Guisborough £4 and Stokesley
£1 : 4s, indicating a not very wealthy group of tradesmen,
craftsmen and villeins.
1335 - There is a record in this year of John de
Fauconberg granting some land to Guisborough Priory, but retaining -
"the boon works and other customs owed by those who hold
burgages and cottages in Skelton and Marske"
1339 - Repairs were made to Skelton castle.
1342 - The Archbishop of Canterbury ruled that all
having property in a parish should pay towards the maintenance of the
local church furnishings and its fabric, according to their possessions
A great drought occurred in this year.